A new anti-cheating system for counting the judges' scores in ice skating is flawed, according to leading sports specialists. Ice skating's governing body announced the new rules last week after concerns that a judge at the Winter Olympics may have been unfairly influenced.
Initially the judges in the pairs figure-skating event at the Winter Olympics in Salt Lake City voted 5 to 4 to give the gold medal to a Russian pair, even though they had a fall during their routine. But the International Skating Union suspended the French judge for failing to reveal that she had been put under pressure to vote for the Russians. The International Olympics Committee then decided to give a second gold to the Canadian runners-up （亚军）.
The ISU, skating's governing body, now says it intends to change the rules. In future 14 judges will judge each event, but only 7 of their scores-selected at random-will count.
The ISU won't finally approve the new system until it meets in June but already UK Sport, the British Government's sports body, has expressed reservations. "1 remain to be convinced that the random selection system would offer the guarantees that everyone concerned with ethical sport is looking for", says Jerry Bingham, UK Sport's head of ethics （伦理）.
A random system can still be manipulated, says Mark Dixon, a specialist on sports statistics from the Royal Statistical Society in London. "The score of one or two judges who have been nobbled （受到贿赂） may still be in the seven selected."
Many other sports that have judges, including diving, gymnastics, and synchronized swimming, have a system that discards the highest and lowest scores. If a judge was under pressure to favour a particular team, they would tend to give it very high scores and mark down the opposition team, so their scores wouldn't count. It works for diving, says Jeff Cook, a member of the international government body's technical committee. "If you remove those at the top and bottom you're left with those in the middle, so you're getting a reasonable average."
Since the 2000 Olympics in Sydney, diving has tightened up in its system still further. Two separate panels of judges score different rounds of diving during top competitions. Neither panel knows the scores given by the other. "We have done this to head off any suggestion of bias," says Cook.
Bingham urged the ISU to consider other options. "This should involve examining the way in which other sports deal with the problem of adjudicating （裁定） on matter of style and presentation," he says.
36 Who won the gold medal in the pairs figure-skating event?
A The Russian pair. www.babaimi.com职称英语
B The Canadian pair.
C Both the Russian pair and the Canadian pair.
D The French pair.
37 According to the new rules proposed by the ISU, which of the following is right?
A The number of judges will be doubled.
B Only half of the judges wilt score.
C Only some selected judges will score.
D Only half of the scores will count.
38 What does Jerry Bingham express by saying "I remain to be convinced"?
A His anger.
B His criticism. www.babaimi.com职称英语
C His agreement.
D His doubt.
39 The attitude of those concerned in the UK to the new rules proposed by ISU can be best described as
40 Which of the following is NOT true of the scoring system for diving?
A It is more biased.
B It is more reasonable.
C It is fairer.
D It is tighter.www.babaimi.com职称英语
36. C 37. D 38. D 39. B 40. A
36. C 根据第二段最后一句话可知俄国和加拿大两个国家的选手都获得了冠军。
37. D 根据文章第三段可轻易得知答案选D
38. D 第四段Jerry Bingham说我仍然需要进一步确信，所以他是持怀疑态度的。
39. B 根据第四段第一句话可知英国对他们提出的新规则是持保留态度的。
40. A 文中倒数第三段中，Jeff Cook说如果去掉一个最高分，去掉一个最低分，留取中间值，可以得到一个比较合理的平均值。这在各种水下运动中是行得通的。可以很快的选出答案A. 但是这个题要注意题干里的“NOT”。
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